Melanie Kalmanson is a commercial litigation attorney and former Florida Supreme Court law clerk. She is the author of the Bluebook Wednesday Tips Newsletter. Click here to subscribe to Melanie’s newsletter.

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The introductory signals “see” and “see also” belong together. Do not start a new sentence with “see also.”

Reason: They are in the same category. All introductory signals in the same category go together in a string-cite. Rule 1.3; see Rule 1.2.

❌: See Case X. See also Case Y.

✅: See Case X; see also Case Y. But see Case Z.